We can make a comparison between the bridge and how houses are traditionally designed in Cordoba. The Roman Bridge is like a long hallway leading to the most important part of the house, the patio, which is in this case the Mosque-Cathedral. The Gate of the Bridge is the entranceway between them. Escorting you along this hallway is the Custodian Archangel of Cordoba, Saint Rafael, as well as the patrons of the city, Saint Asisclo and Saint Victoria.
The bridge was first constructed in the 1st Century AD, during the Roman occupation of Cordoba, over the Guadalquivir River, (Guadalquivir means ‘big river’). It was one of the most important ways of entering the city from the south of the Iberian Peninsula because it was the only point at which one could cross the river without using some sort of boat. The bridge made Cordoba a city of strategic importance, becoming the capital of Roman Andalusia (Betica) and Muslim Al-Andalus. In fact, it has been known for many centuries as the Old Bridge.
Between the Roman Bridge to the Saint Rafael Bridge, there is a protected area, known as the Sotos de la Albolafia, with remnants of the riverbank forest, abundant in the past, habitat for more than 100 different species of birds. The majority of these species are protected; some use it as a wintering area, others seasonally or as a migratory rest. The abundant cattle egrets, little egret and grey heron stand out on the bank, next to the water where they feed, as well as the white martinet and the white stork.
We cannot forget the Tower of Calahorra, a fortress of Islamic origin that controlled the assault and defense of the city from the southern side. Since its restoration during the Christian era, the three towers have been joined by two cylinders of the same height, and in its outer perimeter a moat and a barbican surround it.
Today, these buildings exhibit how Christians, Muslims, and Jews coexisted in this city.