The conquest of Hispania (Roman word for Spain) by Rome was the result of the Second Punic War between the Romans and the Carthaginians for the control of the Western Mediterranean. The Peninsula was divided into two administrations, Hispania Ulterior (Cordoba was to be its capital) and Hispania Citerior.
From here the process of Romanisation took place.
Cities sprang up on the coasts and inland, some founded and others simply enlarged by Rome. Everyone laid down their weapons and old burdens to pursue the beauty and well-being of peace. Disputes between cities disappeared; there was only one objective: to assimilate Roman culture, its Latin language, Roman law and polytheistic religion.
Bridges of all kinds were built to join the opposite banks of the rivers; the slopes of the hills were carved to open roads; desert regions became places full of life.
During our tour we will see the evolution from pre-Roman Cordoba located on the hill La Colina de los Quemados, to the city founded by General Claudio Marcelo in the 2nd century.
We will also see how it was destroyed after the battle of Munda by the armies of Julius Caesar in the year 45 BC.
We will visit the Roman Bridge and talk about the Betis river. Cordoba was the capital of the Bética basin, home to the Princeps, Emperor Augustus and Patrician Colony from the 1st century AD.
We will talk about the Via Augusta and its roman milestones.
Plus, the Roman funerary world with its burials and cremations.
We will have the opportunity to see Roman mosaics, with different types of decoration from vegetal and geometric to mythological.
The figure of Seneca, philosopher and adviser to Emperor Nero and his nephew Lucanus, author of Farsalia.
The remains of the Roman Temple from the Flavian period will give us an idea of the grandeur of the city. We will also visit the Archaeological Museum, where there are remains of the Roman Theater and other pieces that will tell us about the daily life of society in this period.
A Roman legacy in this city that is still alive today.